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American Federation for Polish Jews

Title: American Federation for Polish Jews
Inclusive Dates: 1926,1938,1941-1963
ID: RG 1015
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1'8"; 4 5"lgl
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Formerly known as the Federation of Polish Jews in America. Founded in 1908 as the Federation of Russian-Polish Hebrews, primarily to "help Polish landslayt in New York in any possible way" and to strengthen the activities of *landsmanshaftn* in the city. Established the Beth David Hospital to aid members and newly arrived immigrants, ca. 1912. Contributed to the People's Relief Committee, 1919. Sent a delegate to the Versailles Peace Conference, 1919. In 1920, dropped "Russian" from name of organization. In 1926, changed "Hebrews" to "Jews". Established the World Federation of Polish Jews in 1935 for relief and economic assistance for Jews in Poland. The women's division, Ezra, was organized in 1931. Cooperated with the Association of Jewish Refugees and Immigrants from Poland in publishing *The Black Book of Polish Jewry*, 1943. In the mid-1940s, coordinated relief activities of New York Polish *landsmanshaftn* on behalf of their home towns and *landslayt* In the 1950s campaigned actively against antisemitism and racial discrimination. Leaders included Dr. Joseph Tenenbaum, Zelig Tygel, Benjamin Winter.
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