AJDC Archive - American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee
American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. An organization, with headquarters in New York, active since 1914 in relief programs for Jewish communities around the world. Founded during World War I to help Jews suffering from the ravages of war, the AJDC represented the concerted efforts of three separate Jewish organizations. These were: the American Jewish Relief Committee, founded by prominent Jews of German background; the Central Relief, founded by Orthodox Jewish leaders; and the People's Relief, representing labor. In the post-World War I period the JDC, as it was commmonly called, provided financial support, distributed food, set up health-care institutions and schools, created interest-free loan societies, and supported Jewish local and international service organizations in Europe and Palestine.
Following the revolution and the civil war in Russia, 1917-1920, the JDC joined the American Relief Administration in 1920 to improve living conditions for impoverished Jewish masses inside the Soviet Union. In 1924 the JDC formed a separate organization, called the American Jewish Joint Agricultural Corporation (also known as the Agro-Joint), to continue its work in the Soviet Union. The Agro-Joint carried out its activities in the USSR until 1939.
In 1924, the JDC, together with the Jewish Colonization Association, founded the American Joint Reconstruction Foundation (AJRF) to help rebuild the economy in Eastern Europe through the establishment of cooperative credit institutions and savings banks. By 1931, over 700 loan cooperatives were being supported by the AJRF.
From 1933 until the end of World War II, the JDC was involved in helping refugees from Nazi persecution. In addition, the JDC financed the relief activities of the immigration organization HICEM and was also involved in wartime rescue activities.
Between 1945 and 1952, the JDC concentrated its efforts on aiding displaced persons in the camps in Germany, Austria and Italy, as well as providing transportation costs for Jews immigrating to Israel. From the 1950s through the 1970s, the JDC maintained programs in North Africa, Israel, Europe and Latin America.
Officers of the JDC included Felix Warburg, Paul Baerwald, Herbert Lehman, James Rosenberg, Julius Rosenwald, Joseph C. Hyman, Bernard Kahn.
Colonies and Colonization Projects
Communal Welfare Organizations
Displaced Persons and DP Camps
Genealogy and Family History
Health and Health Care
Holocaust and Aftermath
Immigration and Emigration
Politics and Political Parties
World War I
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American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. Also known as the JDC, AJDC, and the JOINT. The YIVO Archives has received several subgroups of JDC records from the AJDC in New York. These subgroups include: AJDC Reports; Records of the American Joint Reconstruction Foundation; AJDC War Orphans Bureau; AJDC Search Department; AJDC Office in Lisbon; AJDC Personal Service Department; AJDC Landsmanshaftn Department; AJDC Clppings; and AJDC Photographs.
Each of these subgroups is separately registered under its own record group number in the YIVO Archives and has its own entry and collection description.