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Guide to the Papers of Papers of Isaac Nachman Steinberg (1888-1957)   1893-1968 (bulk 1919-1956)   RG 366

Processed by David M. Wolfson. Additional processing by Rachel S. Harrison as part of the Leon Levy Archival Processing Initiative, made possible by the Leon Levy Foundation.

YIVO Institute for Jewish Research
15 West 16th Street
New York, NY 10011
Email: archives@yivo.cjh.org
URL: http://www.yivo.org

©2012 YIVO Institute for Jewish Research. All rights reserved.

Electronic finding aid was encoded in EAD 2002 by Rachel S. Harrison in November 2012.  EAD finding aid customized in ARCHON in 2013. Description is in English.


Collection Overview

Title: Guide to the Papers of Papers of Isaac Nachman Steinberg (1888-1957)   1893-1968 (bulk 1919-1956)   RG 366

Predominant Dates:(bulk 1919-1956)

ID: RG 366 FA

Extent: 26.58 Linear Feet


David Wolfson arranged the collection and created an index, which he divided into seven sections representing more of an intellectual arrangement rather than a physical arrangement. These sections were: I: correspondence with individuals; II: correspondence with organizations, institutions, libraries, and publishers; III: subject materials, manuscripts not by Steinberg and photographs and clippings; IV: Steinberg’s personal materials, including manuscripts and articles by Steinberg; V: materials filed by geographical locations which were considered for Jewish settlements; VI: correspondence of the Freeland League; and VII: miscellaneous materials of the Freeland League. Materials in the index are often cross-listed by organization, by individual, by subject, and by location. Many of the individual correspondents and organizations can be found in multiple series. The index lists the language of the materials as Y for Yiddish, E for English, R for Russian, G for German, F for French, S for Spanish, H for Hebrew, Rom for Romanian, and D for Dutch, although there are also other languages in the collection. Much of the collection is arranged alphabetically, although the newspaper clippings and family correspondence are arranged chronologically and some of the manuscripts by Steinberg are arranged by language.

David Wolfson also physically divided the collection by material type or subject and wrote a summary for the folder contents. This summary generally corresponds to the series organization. The collection is divided into 17 series, some of which have been further divided into subseries.

Languages: Yiddish, Russian, Polish, German, English, French, Hebrew, Spanish, Dutch;Flemish, Romanian, Italian, Serbian, Croatian, Czech, Norwegian, Swedish


This collection contains the personal and professional papers of Isaac Nachman Steinberg, a Russian-Jewish political writer, leader of the Left Socialist Revolutionary Party during the 1917 revolution in Russia, People’s Commissar of Justice in the first Bolshevik government, leader of the Jewish Territorialist Movement and of the Freeland League for Jewish Territorial Colonization, and a founding member of the YIVO Institute in Vilna. These materials include Steinberg’s writings, personal correspondence, clippings, journals, meeting announcements, and some photographs. These materials relate mainly to Steinberg’s work with the Freeland League and plans for the large-scale settlement of Jews in various places around the world.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

A large proportion of the collection consists of records of the Freeland League, including its London and New York offices and the Refugee Freeland League in Austria, and relates to the League’s colonization projects. There are also some materials relating to the Left Socialist Revolutionary Party and the Russian Revolution of 1917, private and family correspondence and Steinberg’s personal, political and literary papers, including his travels to Australia and South Africa on behalf of colonization efforts. Materials include correspondence with individuals, organizations and publications, minutes of meetings, clippings, diaries, event and lecture notices, reports, photographs, manuscripts by Steinberg and by others, research materials for Steinberg’s writings, materials pertaining to efforts to establish Jewish settlements in Australia, including the Kimberley Project and the Queensland, Tasmania and Melville Island plans, materials on geographical locations which were considered for colonization, including Surinam and various areas in Africa and South America, and materials relating to the publications Oifn Shvel and Freiland . Some important correspondents include Sir Norman Angell, Angelica Balabanoff, Ben-Adir, Ernest Bevin, Nathan Birnbaum, Winston Churchill, Josef Czernichow, Anthony de Rothschild, Edmond de Rothschild, Albert Einstein, Emma Goldman, Jacob Gordin, Zelig Kalmanovitch, Karl Kautsky, Fiorello La Guardia, Harold Lasky, H. Leivick, Itzik Manger, Thomas Mann, Shmuel Niger, Joseph Proskauer, Eleanor Roosevelt, E. Savinkov, Baruch Charney Vladeck, Colonel Josiah Wedgewood, and Stefan Zweig.

There is also correspondence and other materials with Territorialist and colonization organizations and various publications from all over the world, among them the American Jewish Committee, American Jewish Conference, American Jewish Congress, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, Der Tog , Freie Arbeiter Stimme , Freiland , International Jewish Colonization Society (Jew-Col), Jewish Territorial Organization, League for Jewish Colonization, Novoye Russkoye Slovo , Oifn Shvel , President's Commission on Immigration and Naturalization, Relief Society for Socialist Prisoners and Exiles in Soviet Russia, United Nations, Workmen’s Circle, Yiddish P.E.N. Club, Yiddish Writers Union, Yugntruf, and Die Zukunft , among many others.

This collection would be particularly helpful for those interested in the history of Terrotorialism, Jewish colonization efforts, especially in Australia, South Africa and Surinam, early Soviet political history and the Russian Revolution of 1917, the Socialist Revolutionary Party, and Jewish social, political and cultural history.

Historical Note

Biographical Note Isaac Nachman Steinberg was born into an educated, religious, and wealthy merchant family on July 13, 1888 in Dvinsk (Daugavpils, Latvia), then part of the Russian Empire, son of Zerakh Steinberg and his wife Chiana, née Eliashev, the older sister of Isidor Eliashev (Baal-Makhshoves). Steinberg and his younger brother, Aaron (1891-1975), a Russian and Yiddish writer and essayist, were raised in a traditionally religious family and were given a strong Jewish education. Steinberg remained religiously observant his entire life, even during his time as a revolutionary politician.

The family moved to Pernov (Pyarnu), Estonia in 1904, where Steinberg attended the gymnasium, graduating in 1906. He also continued his religious education with private tutors. The family once again moved, this time to Moscow in 1907, where Steinberg entered the Imperial Moscow University. There he studied law and joined the Socialist Revolutionary Party (SR). Steinberg was arrested in 1907 for his revolutionary activities, and was only released on the condition that he leave Russia. He moved to Germany, where he continued his legal studies at the University of Heidelberg, and also studied Talmud under a private tutor, Zalmen Borukh Rabinkov, in a small circle that included Erich Fromm, Nahum Goldmann, and Ernst Simon. After completing his period of exile and defending his doctoral thesis on Talmudic criminal law, Steinberg returned to Moscow in 1910. He began his practice of law, defending Jewish victims of the tsarist regime, and won endorsement for the Duma, the Russian parliament. In 1914 he married Nechama Esselson and became an active member of the Moscow Jewish community, being considered as a future rabbi of Moscow.

During World War I, Steinberg participated in activities of the Jewish Committee for Aiding Victims of War (EKOPO). He also resumed his activities within the SR Party starting in 1916 and quickly rose through its political ranks. After the split of the SR Party in August 1917, he became one of the leaders of its independent left wing, the Left Socialist Revolutionary Party (LSR). Vladimir Lenin invited the LSR to join his government and, from December 1917 to February 1918, Steinberg served as the People’s Commissar (Narkom) for Justice of Soviet Russia, although his position was largely decorative. Steinberg succeeded in saving the lives of a number of political prisoners but his most fateful political action was his legal approval, as Commissar of Justice, of the dissolution of the Constituent Assembly in January 1918 by the Bolsheviks. After the breakdown of the Bolshevik-LSR coalition over the issue of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk in February 1918, Steinberg resigned his post in protest and traveled to Europe to mobilize support for the LSR, probably saving himself from arrest after the failed anti-Bolshevik coup of July 1918. Upon his return, he served as a mediator between the LSR opposition and the Bolshevik leadership.

In 1923, having been warned that he was in danger of assassination, he moved with his family to Berlin where he acted as foreign representative of the LSR in Russia and continued to edit the Socialist Revolutionary Party organ, as he had done in Moscow. He also began his career in literature and journalism, with his first Yiddish publication appearing in 1925. In addition, he contributed to several German Socialist publications. From 1926 to 1937 he edited the Vilna journal Fraye Shriftn—Farn Yidishn Sotsialistishn Gedank (Free Papers—For Jewish Socialist Thought), which covered a wide range of political and cultural issues, Tsukunft (Future), and many other periodicals in New York, Buenos Aires, Warsaw, Vilna, Kovno, and many other places. He was also affiliated with YIVO from its founding in 1925 and was a member of its Board of Directors.

After the Nazis came to power in 1933, Steinberg, his wife and their three children settled in London where Steinberg became active in the newly resurrected Territorialist Movement. In 1935 Steinberg and Ben-Adir (Abraham Rosin) founded the Freeland League for Jewish Territorial Colonization, which was the successor to Israel Zangwill’s Jewish Territorial Organization (ITO), which had disbanded in 1925. The Territorialist Movement aimed to find a location where Jews could govern themselves, although the goal of self-government was quickly subordinated to the urgent task of finding a territory in which to settle endangered Jews from Europe and in planning a future life in this territory. Ideas included Madagascar, New Caledonia, New Hebrides (Vanuatu), British Guiana, Dutch Guiana (Surinam), French Guiana, Alaska, Albania, Angola, Birobidjian, Brazil, Ceylon (Sri Lanka), Chile, Canada, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Peru, Rhodesia, South Africa, Mexico, Argentina, Ethiopia, Haiti, New Zealand, Swaziland, Tanganyika (Tanzania), and Uruguay, among others.

Steinberg was opposed to Zionism on moral and political grounds and did not support the idea of the Jewish nation-state. He was highly critical of Zionist movement politics, believing that the salvation of the Jewish people lay in autonomous Yiddish-speaking agricultural settlements under the political patronage of colonial empires. For this purpose, he visited South Africa (1935–1936) and Australia (1939–1943) and supported efforts for Jewish settlement in dozens of other possible locations.

The Freeland League selected the Kimberley region in the north of Western Australia and planned to buy an area of 7 million acres of agricultural land, where it hoped to settle 75,000 Jewish refugees from Europe to develop the pastoral and agricultural industries. On May 23, 1939 Steinberg arrived in Perth. He appealed to people both on humanitarian grounds and by citing the British government’s officially-declared need to populate northern Australia. By early 1940 Steinberg had gained the support of the Western Australian government, the Australasian Council of Trade Unions, a number of leading public figures, and major newspapers such as the Sydney Morning Herald , the Melbourne Argus and the West Australian . He had also encountered opposition from the Bulletin , Smith's Weekly , some daily newspapers, and several British and Australian politicians and public figures, whose arguments ranged from the practical to the xenophobic. For their part, many Australian Jews criticized the proposed settlement, some fearing that it would provoke a wave of anti-Semitism in Australia, others seeing it as a threat to the Zionist cause.

Steinberg left Australia in June 1943 to join his family in Canada. On July 15, 1944 he was informed by Australian Prime Minister John Curtin that the Australian government would not “depart from the long-established policy in regard to alien settlement in Australia” and could not “entertain the proposal for a group settlement of the exclusive type contemplated by the Freeland League”. Steinberg, however, continued to wage a paper battle for the scheme. He approached successive prime ministers in 1945 and 1946, and published Australia—The Unpromised Land in London in 1948, all to no avail.

In 1943, he settled in the United States, where he became involved in Yiddishist activities. From 1943 to 1956 was the editor of the Freeland League’s official organ Oifn Shvel (On the Threshold), taking over after Ben-Adir’s death in 1942. He also continued to work for the Territorialist cause, despite setbacks. In 1946, the Freeland League started negotiations with the Surinamese and Netherlands governments about the possible resettlement in the Saramacca district of Surinam of 30,000 Jewish displaced persons from Europe. In August 1948, the Surinamese parliament decided “to suspend the discussions until the complete clarification of the international situation”, however the negotiations were never resumed. After the establishment of the State of Israel, Steinberg expressed concern at the idea of an exclusively Jewish nation, instead supporting the idea of creating a bi-national Jewish-Arab federation in Israel/Palestine. At the same time he continued his efforts to establish a compact self-ruled Jewish settlement somewhere outside the Middle East.

Steinberg wrote hundreds of articles on literary, legal and political subjects and more than a dozen books in Russian, German, Yiddish, Hebrew, and English. These include an award-winning play about the Russian Revolution, Du Hast Gesiegt Mochnatschow! (You have Triumphed Mochnatschow), contributions to legal and general periodicals, a series of books on the Russian Revolution such as Memoirs of a People’s Commissar , a comprehensive work on the Russian revolutionary Maria Spiridonowa (1935), articles and books on socialism, Der Moralisher Ponim fun der Revolutsiye (The Moral Aspect of the Revolution, Russian, 1923; Yiddish, 1925); Gewalt und Terror in der Revolution (Violence and Terror in the Revolution, German, 1931), In the Workshop of the Revolution (English, 1953), Als Ich Volkskommissar (Memoirs of a People’s Commissar; German, 1929; English and Yiddish, 1931), and a work on the Territorialist movement, Australia - The Unpromised Land (English, 1948).

Isaac Nachman Steinberg died suddenly on January 2, 1957 in New York. He was survived by his son, the art historian Leo Steinberg, and a daughter, Shulamit Charney, the wife of Shmuel Niger’s son, Dr. William Charney. His wife and a daughter, Ada Siegel, had predeceased him.

Subject/Index Terms

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions: Permission to use the collection must be obtained from the YIVO Archivist.

Use Restrictions:

Permission to publish part or parts of the collection must be obtained from the YIVO Archives. For more information, contact:

YIVO Institute for Jewish Research, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011

email: archives@yivo.cjh.org

Acquisition Method: Given by the family of I.N. Steinberg in March 1957. Additional materials donated by the offices of Oifn Shvel in 1985.

Separated Materials: There is no information about materials that are associated by provenance to the described materials that have been physically separated or removed.

Original/Copies Note: There is an index created by David Wolfson in the reading room, which reflects an intellectual arrangement in seven sections.

Related Materials: The YIVO Library and Archives have materials about Territorialism, the Freeland League and Jewish colonization efforts. There are also many books by and about Steinberg, including the Dr. Isaac Nachman Steinberg Bibliography ; 30 Yor Sotsyalistishe Ideen in Rusland ; Australia, the Unpromised Land ; Fun Februar biz Oktober 1917 ; Gelebt un Geholemt in Oystralye ; Gewalt und Terror in der Revolution ; In Kamf far Mentsh un Yid ; In Shturem fun der Tsayt ; In the Workshop of the Revolution ; A Land far Yidn in Oystralie ; Der Maksimalizm in der Yidisher Velt ; Maria Spiridonowa ; Mit Eyn Fus in Amerike ; And I Burned with Shame: The Testimony of Ona Šimaitė, Righteous Among the Nations A Letter to Isaac Nachman Steinberg ; and many others, as well as a film reel of a Freeland League trip to Surinam. Steinberg’s correspondence can be found in the Papers of Ben-Adir RG 394, the Papers of Shmuel Niger RG 360, Papers of David Ignatoff RG 1338, and the Papers of Chaim Zhitlowsky RG 208, among many others.

Preferred Citation: Published citations should take the following form:Identification of item, date (if known); Papers of Isaac Nachman Steinberg; RG 366; folder number; YIVO Institute for Jewish Research.

Finding Aid Revision History: Originally processed by David M. Wolfson in 1975. Additional processing was completed in 2012.

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Series:

Series 1: Series I: Correspondence with Organizations, 1923-1966,
Series 2: Series II: Freeland League, New York Office, 1941-1952,
Series 3: Series III: Correspondence with Individuals, 1918-1965,
Series 4: Series IV: Freeland League, London Office, 1937-1943,
Series 5: Series V: Freeland League, Miscellaneous Materials, 1938-1968,
Series 6: Series VI: Refugee Freeland League in Austria, 1945-1951,
Series 7: Series VII: Steinberg’s Visit to London, 1946,
Series 8: Series VIII: Geographical Files, 1930-1964,
Series 9: Series IX: Freeland League, Australia Plans, 1901-1906, 1919-1956,
Series 10: Series X: Steinberg’s Visit to South Africa, 1935-1937,
Series 11: Series XI: Newspaper Clippings, 1924-1957,
Series 12: Series XII: Steinberg’s Personal Papers, 1920-1965,
Series 13: Series XIII: Family Correspondence, 1908-1956,
Series 14: Series XIV: Writings by Others, 1914, 1930-1964, undated,
Series 15: Series XV: Writings by Steinberg, 1924-1959, undated,
Series 16: Series XVI: Russia and the Russian Revolution, 1906-1955,
Series 17: Series XVII: Miscellaneous Materials, 1893-1956,

Series III: Correspondence with Individuals
This series is made up of correspondence and related materials with individuals, including many prominent American, British and Australian government figures, people involved with Socialist and revolutionary politics, Yiddish and English writers, and actors and other cultural figures. Some of these include Hirsz Abramowicz, Kreine Alexander, Norman Angell, Angelica Balabanoff, Ben-Adir, Ernest Bevin, Nathan Birnbaum, Martin Buber, Marc Chagall, Daniel Charney, Albert Einstein, Emma Goldman, Jacob Gordin, Sidney Hook, Zelig Kalmanovitch, Karl Kautsky, Fiorello La Guardia, Harold Lasky, H. Leivick, Itzik Manger, Thomas Mann, Shmuel Niger, Joseph Proskauer, Melech Ravitch, Eleanor Roosevelt, E. Savinkov, Mordkhe Schaechter, Anna (Ona) Simaite, Baruch Charney Vladeck, Colonel Josiah Wedgewood, Stefan Zweig, and many more.
Folders: 220
Folder 168: Aarons to Abramowicz
Aarons, Jerachmiel; Abbe, David; Abied, Isaiah; Abramowicz, Hirsz
Folder 169: Abramowicz, Hirsz
Folder 170: Abrams to Adler
Abrams, Jacob; Abramson, H.A.; Abramson, S.; Adler, Max
Folder 171: Ainstein, Asher
Folder 172: Ajzen, Abram
Folder 173: Alexander, Kreine
to Esther Esselson, 1945-1948; to Mrs. Steinberg, 1949-1954
Folder 174: Alexander, Kreine
to I.N. Steinberg
Folder 175: Allen to Amidov
Allen, Isaac; Alter, L.; Altschul, Frank; Amidov, S.
Folder 176: Angell, Norman
Folder 177: Angoff to Aronson
Angoff, Charles; Anigstein, Ludwik; Ansell, Theodore; Armitage, Ramsay; Armon, Ezekiel; Aronson, Gregory
Folder 178: Ascoli, Marion (Mrs. Max)
Folder 179: Asmussen to Azar
Asmussen, P.; Astour, M.; Atlee, Clement; Azar, Max
Folder 180: Babinsky, J.
Folder 181: Baehr to Bailey
Baehr, George; Baer, Arthur; Bailey, Alice A.
Folder 182: Balabanoff (Balabanova), Angelica
Folder 183: Ball to Baron
Ball, Max; Bank, Israel; Baratz, A.; Barbanel, S.; Barkoff, Harry; Barnard, H.C.; Barnett, Belle J.; Baron, Mrs. S.
Folder 184: Baruch, Bernard M.
Folder 185: Bayan to Benimtzky
Bayan; Becker, K.; Beeley, Harold; Beham, M.; Beham, Y.; Ben-Adir (A. Rosin); Ben-Nehemiah (M. Goldstein); Benenson, Abram; Benimtzky, Eliezer
Folder 186: Benyomin, Rav (Yehoshua Radler-Feldman-HaTalmi)
Folder 187: Bercovich to Berle
Bercovich, Shloime; Berezin, M.; Berge, Francois; Berger, Eva; Berkingoff, David; Berle, A.A.; Berle, Alfred
Folder 188: Berlinger to Bernstein
Berlinger, E.; Berman, Nanette (Mrs. Alfred); Berman, Jacob; Berman, Liam; Berman, Louis; Bernard; Bernays, Edward L.; Bernstein, John L.
Folder 189: Bialostotsky, B.J.
1923, 1952
Folder 190: Bick, Abraham
Folder 191: Bickel to Birnbaum
Bickel, Shlomo; Bider, G.C.; Biderman, I.W.; Bieganiec, Y.; Biel, E.V.; Billikopf, Jacob; Birnbaum, Nathan; Birnbaum, Shlomo
Folder 192: Bittner to Blieder
Bittner, Moshe; Black, B.; Blank, Asya; Blankstein, M.; Blauner, Anja; Blaustein, Jacob; Blieder, Daphne
Folder 193: Bloch, Chaim
Folder 194: Bloomberg to Borinsky
Bloomberg, B.; Bloshtein, M.; Blumenfeld, R.D.; Bonda, Jaime W.; Borg, Mrs. Sidney; Borinsky, J.
Folder 195: Bowman, Isaiah
Folder 196: Boruta to Brownstone
Boruta, K.; Botnitsky, J.; Bowman, R.C.; Brandwein, Sam; Braude, Rachel; Braunschvig; Breakstone, R.; Brilliant, S.; Brin, Joseph; Brodsky, Saul; Brownstone, M.
Folder 197: Buber, Martin
Folder 198: Buchler to Butzel
Buchler, Sadie; Buttenwieser, Hermann; Butzel, Fred M.
Folder 199: Cahnman to Chabatsky
Cahnman, Werner; Cantor, B.; Cantor, Leah; Carey, Jane C.; Celler, Emanuel; Ceshinsky, M.; Chabatsky, A.; Chabatsky, Z.
Folder 200: Chagall, Marc and Bella
Folder 201: Chagy, B. and Esther
Folder 202: Chaifetz to Charberg
Chaifetz-Tuzman, Malka; Chamberlain, J.P.; Chapiro, Georges; Charasch; Charberg, Miriam
Folder 203: Charney, Daniel
1926-1930, 1944-1954
Folder 204: Cherniak, J.A.
1929-1930, 1943-1956
Folder 205: Chodsiesuar, Margot
Folder 206: Chofshi, Nathan
Folder 207: Chrablow, Elkon
Folder 208: Cohen, Felix S.
Folder 209: Cohen, Henry; Cohen, Morris
Folder 210: Cohen, Robert Waley
Folder 211: Cohen, Stanley S.G.
Folder 212: Cohn, Emil Bernhard and Greta
Folder 213: Clarey to Cushing
Clarey, P.J.; Comay, J.; Condliffe, J.B.; Crerar, T.A.; Currie, Lauchlin; Cushing, Harry
Folder 214: Danciger to Davies
Danciger, Leila Nash; Daniels, Donald; Davidsohn, Georg; Davidson, J.; Davies, Lord
Folder 215: Davis, Nathan S.
Folder 216: Dean to Dembitz
Dean of Canterbury; de Gunzbourg, Baron Pierre; Deitelbaum, D.; de Lisaso, Jose I.; Dembitz, Sara W.
Folder 217: de Man, H.
Folder 218: Deull to Dijour
Deull, P.; Deutsch, Babette; Dijour, A.
Folder 219: Doblin, Alfred and Erna
Folder 220: Doblin, Peter to Dubinsky
1926, 1944-1952
Doblin, Peter; Donsky, J.; Douglas, Major William O.; Dubinsky, David
Folder 221: Dubnow, Simon
1927, 1938
Folder 222: Dujovne to Dworkin
Dujovne, Leon; Dworkin, Eva Jehoash; Dworkin, J.
Folder 223: Eckstein to Einhorn
Eckstein, Kurt; Eddleman, H. Leo; Efroykin, J.; Ehrlich, Clara; Einhorn, Helene
Folder 224: Einstein, Albert
1930, 1946-1947
Folder 225: Eisenberg to Eliashiv
Eisenberg, Rachel; Eleinky; Eliashiv, Samuel
Folder 226: Eliashev, Alexander
Folder 227: Elkin to Etner
Elkin, Mendl; Elkin, S.; Ellinson, Israel; Elyashiv, M.; Emanuel, Philip; Engels, J.; Epstein, H.; Etner, C.I.
Folder 228: Esselson, Esther
1922-1927, 1940-1949
Folder 229: Falk to Feldmann
1930, 1943-1956
Falk, Leon, Jr.; Feigenbaum, Lucien; Feinberg, Israel; Feinberg, Leon; Feldman, Aaron; Feldman, Tanya; Feldmann, A.
Folder 230: Fenster, Hersh
Folder 231: Feinleib to Fink
Feinleib, M.; Fellows, Frank; Fernandez, Concepcion; Feuer, Oscar; Fidanque, E. Alvin; Figueres, Jose; Filler, A.; Fine, Alvin I.; Fineman, Hayim; Finestone, Morris; Fink, L.
Folder 232: Finkel to Fondiller
Finkel, H.; Firt, Julius; Fischel, Walter; Fish, Hamilton; Fisher, Allenby B.; Fisher, R.L.; Fishman, Aaron; Fleisher, Wilfred; Fondiller, Leonard J.
Folder 233: Fox, C.D.
Folder 234: Frank, D.
Folder 235: Frank, Herman
Folder 236: Frankenstein to Frashnick
Frankenstein, Ernst; Frankfurter, Felix; Fraser, Leah; Frashnick, Yehudah
Folder 237: Frenkel, Eliezer
Folder 238: Freund to Frishman
Freund, George; Fridman, M.; Frishman, Aaron
Folder 239: Fromm, Erich
Folder 239A: Fruchtbaum, Lesser M., Sara Ann and Tabey
Folder 240: Gabis to Gildersleeve
Gabis, A.; Gammans, David; Gaster, Theodor; Gelpar, L.; Gerdes, Theodore R.N.; Gershow, M.; Gibson, G.H.; Gildersleeve, Virginia
Folder 241: Gildesgame to Glantz
Gildesgame, L.L.; Gildesgame, Pierre; Gilman, Isaac; Gimbel, Bernard F.; Gimplin, Sol; Ginsburg, M.; Ginsburg, Rebecca; Ginsburg, Shaul; Glantz, Harry
Folder 242: Glantz-Leyeles, Aaron
Folder 243: Glauber to Goldberg
Glauber, Alfred; Goetz, Norman; Goldberg, A.
Folder 244: Goldberg, Aaron M.
Folder 245: Goldberg, Oskar
Folder 246: Goldberger, Hans
Folder 247: Goldberg, S. to Goldenberg
Goldberg, Shalom; Goldberg, Shoshana; Goldchain, Jose; Golden, Morrie; Goldenberg, S.
Folder 248: Goldman, Emma
Folder 249: Goldman to Goodrich
Goldman, J.B.; Goldman, Blanche (Mrs. Maurice); Goldschmidt, C.A.; Goldstein, Herbert S.; Goldstein, Jonah J.; Goldwasser, Edwin; Goodrich, Carter
Folder 250: Golomb, Abraham
Folder 251: Goodman, Saul
Folder 252: Gordin, Abba; Gordin, Jacob
Folder 253: Gordonoff, T. and Lucie
Folder 254: Gorodisky, Jonah
Folder 255: Gorski to Graff
Gorski, John; Gotlib, N.J.; Gottesman, Bella; Gottlieb, Moritz M.; Gottschalk, Louis; Goure, Leon and Raye; Gowrie, Zena; Graff, Hinde
Folder 256: Grade to Grunberg
Grade, Chaim; Graff, Myron R.; Green, William; Greenberg, Eliezer; Greenstein, J.; Grigoriev, N.; Grossman, Vl.; Grunberg, Friedrich
Folder 257: Gruzman, L.
Folder 258: Gudell (Goodell), Martin
Folder 259: Gumbel to Guzegor
1930, 1945-1956
Gumbel, E.J.; Gurevitch, M.; Gurvitch, Herschel; Gutkind, Eric; Gutman, Felix; Guttman, Olga; Guzegor, S. Gutman
Folder 260: Haas to Hahn
Haas, Mr.; Haeck, Leo; Hahn, Moshe
Folder 261: Hahn, Moshe, Mrs. B. and Deborah
Folder 262: Hahn (Gan), Sergej
Folder 263: Halikman to Harrison
Halikman, H. King; Halpern, Israel; Hambro, C.J.; Hamburger, S.; Hardman, J.B.S.; Harrison, Earl J.
Folder 264: Harrison, Frank
Folder 265: Haus, Gabriel
Folder 266: Hefter to Hepner
Hefter, Joseph; Held, Adolph; Henig, Mr.; Hepner, Irving Isi
Folder 267: Hermelin, Ch.
Folder 268: Heschel to Hittelman
Heschel, Abraham Joshua; Heyman, David; Hilldring, John H.; Hillman, E.S.; Hillman, Sidney; Hillman, Tom; Hittelman, Max
Folder 269: Hirschauge, Eliezer
Folder 270: Holst, Henriette Roland
Folder 271: Holtzman, Max
Folder 272: Hook, Sidney
Folder 273: Honek to Hull
1929, 1943-1954
Honek, Mr.; Honig, Kalman; Howe, Irving; Hryhorijev, N.; Hull, Cordell
Folder 274: Ickes to Ivenitzki
Ickes, Harold; Ignatoff, David; Isaacs, Stanley M.; Isacharowitz, Mr.; Izenstone, I.; Ivenitski, Z.
Folder 275: Jacob to Jung
Jacob, Bertram; Jacobs, Maurice; Jacobs, Rose Y.; Jacobson, I.W.; Jasny, I.; Jassinowsky, Pinhas; Jeanne, C.S.; Joel, Katie; Josifon, M.; Jung, Leo
Folder 276: Kader to Kalmanovitch
Kader, Boris M.; Kagan, J.; Kagon, J.; Kahan, Harry; Kahn, Leon I.; Kaiser, Henry J.; Kalish, M. Emanuel; Kalmanovitch, Zelig
Folder 277: Kamenka to Kaplinski
Kamenka, Eugene; Kanel, Z.H.; Kaplan, Dora; Kaplan, Mordecai M.; Kaplan, Moshe; Kaplan, S.; Kaplinski, A.
Folder 278: Kasdan, Ch. S.
Folder 279: Katcherginsky to Keyser
Katcherginsky, Isak; Korsch, Karl; Kessel, G.; Keyser, Dora S.
Folder 280: Kine, A.
Folder 281: Kingdon to Klinger
1930, 1944-1956
Kingdon, Frank; Kirschberg, Dr.; Kiveliovitch, M.; Klapper, Paul; Kleinman, S.; Klementinowski, D.; Klepfisz, H.; Klibaroff, Murray; Kligsberg, M.; Klinger, S. Charles
Folder 282: Klioner, Elihu
Folder 283: Knox to Konvitz
Knox, Azriel; Koenig, Leo; Kohn, Hans; Kohn, Leybl; Konvitz, Milton
Folder 284: Kopeloff, I.
Folder 285: Kopelowitz to Kivetchansky
Kopelowitz, Ch.; Korengold, S.; Kosover, M.; Krepliak, J.; Kulczynski, R.R.; Kwetchansky, Gershon
Folder 286: Lakerman, S., Batya and Ezra
Folder 287: folder number not used
Folder 288: La Guardia to Lazarevitch
La Guardia, Fiorello; Lamstein, J.; Landauer, Dan; Landbard, M.; Lashanska, Hulda; Lasker, Albert D.; Laski, Harold J.; Lazarevitch, I.
Folder 289: Lebenson, Aryeh
Folder 290: Ledbour, G.
Folder 291: Lederhaendler to Lehrer
Lederhaendler, M.S.; Lederman, B.; Lehman, Adele (Mrs. Arthur); Lehman, Herbert H.; Lehman, Irving; Lehman, M.; Lehr, Max; Lehrer, Leibush; Lehrer, Lipe
Folder 292: Leivick, H.
Folder 293: Lerner to Levy
1931, 1945-1955
Lerner, Abba P.; Lerner, Shimon; Lesinski, John; Lesnou, E.; Lestchinsky, Jacob; Lettin, Mr.; Lev, Abraham; Levi, S. Gershon; Levin, J.; Levin, Jacob; Levinson, Tobias; Levy, Ch.
Folder 294: Lewicki, Henrik
Folder 295: Lewin to Lisker
Lewin, Samuel; Lewis, Theodore N.; Lewis, Willmott; Libensko, Malka; Libensky, Joseph; Lichtstein, M.J.; Liessin, A.; Lifschitz, Mr.; Lifschitz, B.; Lifschitz, Ezekiel; Lifszyce, J.; Lisker, Pesach (Felipe)
Folder 296: Litwin to Lowy
Litwin, Baruch; Liwschitz, B.; Loran, S.; Lorwin, Lewis L.; Lowy, J.
Folder 297: Lux, Stefan
Folder 298: Magerovsky to Manger
Magerovsky, Lev F.; Mahler, Raphael; Maitlis, J.; Malkiel, A.J.; Malov, P.N.; Maltz, Saul; Manela, Rachel; Manger, Itzik
Folder 299: Mann to Marcus
1933, 1945-1955
Mann, Thomas; Mann, William; Mansvetov, Fedor S.; Maor, Isaac; Marcus, Pesach
Folder 300: Marker, Ida
Folder 301: Markman, Lejb
Folder 302: Markvald, W.
Folder 303: Marmorstein to McCormack
1925, 1946-1956
Marmorstein, Arthur; Marmorstein, Emile; Marmorstein, Jessie; Mart..., A.; Marusia; Masia, Rose; Matenko, Percy; Maximov, G.; Maze, Ida; McCormack, John W.
Folder 304: McCormick to Mendel
McCormick, Anne O'Hare; McCormick, Lee; Medalie, George Z.; McKeon, Richard; Melechiel, A.; Mendel, Manuel
Folder 305: Mendelsberg, Meyer and Miriam
Folder 306: Menuhin to Minkin
1926, 1944-1953
Menuhin, Yehudi; Mett, Ida; Meyer, H.; Meyerowitz, Arthur; Meyers, Saul S.; Michaels, E.; Miller, Shin; Millikan, R.A.; Mines, D.; Minkin, Mr.
Folder 307: Minkin, Judah and Keila
Folder 308: Mirski to Mylov
Mirsky, Rachel; Moose, Rose; Morgenstern, M.; Morgenthau, Henry, Jr.; Morris, DuBois, Jr.; Mosely, Philip E.; Moss, J.; Muehsam, Erich; Mylov, P.
Folder 309: Mukdoni, A.
Folder 310: Nachsin to Niebuhr
Nachsin, Sarah; Naiman, E.; Nathanson, William; Nevelstein, Aaron; Niebuhr, Reinhold
Folder 311: Niger, S.
Folder 312: Nikolaievski to Ostrowsky
Nikolaievski, Nicolai; Nisis, Leon; Nutkievich, S.; Osborne, Edgar; Oshry, Samuel M.; Ostrowsky, Adeline; Ostrowsky, Clara; Ostrowsky, W.
Folder 313: Palatnick, Rosa
Folder 314: Parkan to Pines, Jacob
Parkan, Nora Solomonovna; Parker, S.E.; Parry, Albert; Perlmutter, M.; Peskin, M.; Petegorsky, David W.; Petshenik, M.; Pett, Chaim; Pines, Jacob
Folder 315: Pines, L.
Folder 316: Pinkas to Pinkerfeld-Amir
Pinkas, L.; Pinkerfeld-Amir, Anda
Folder 317: Podolsky, E.W.
Folder 318: Podron to Prinz
Podro, Joshua; Pollack, Jack; Pomerantz, Chaim; Pool, David de Sola; Portnoy, Sam; Posner, Nachum; Prager, Mr.; Prince, J.; Prinz, Joachim
Folder 319: Prokopowicz to Pumphrey
Prokopowicz, Caterina; Proskauer, Joseph; Przybulski, Chackiel; Pumphrey, Mary E.
Folder 320: Rabinkow to Rageot
1934, 1945-1956
Rabinkow, S.; Rabinowicz, Anna; Rabinowicz, D.; Rabinowitz, Melech; Rabinowitch, Jakob; Radkey, Oliver; Rafalkes, N.; Rageot, T.
Folder 321: Rapaport, A.
Folder 322: Raptchinskaya to Ravid
1939-1946, 1958-1965
Raptchinskaya, M.; Raptschinsky, B.; Rasiniv, J.; Ravid, J.M.
Folder 323: Ravitch, Melech
Folder 324: Rawidowicz, Simon
Folder 325: Resnick to Rittenberg
Resnick, Lazer; Resnick, Salomon; Ribsh, J.; Richmond, Paul; Rim, Morris W.; Rips, Serge; Rittenberg, Louis
Folder 326: Roback, A.A.
Folder 327: Robeson, Paul
Folder 328: Rochgalin, Reuben
Folder 329: Rocker to Rosenfarb
Rocker, Rudolf; Rodman, Toby; Rogel, Joseph; Rogoff, Hillel; Ron, L.; Roosevelt, Eleanor; Rose, David; Rosen, Melech; Rosenbaum, Mr.; Rosenbaum, M.M.; Rosenbloom, Jerald; Rosenfarb, Chava
Folder 330: Rosenman to Rushev
Rosenman, Samuel I.; Rosenthal, E.; Rosenwald, Lessing J.; Rosey, S.; Rosin, A. (Ben-Adir); Rosin, Jacob; Rothbart, Jacob; Rothenberg, A.; Rubin, Israel; Rubin, Majer; Rubinstein, A.; Ruden, Melech; Rushev, Anna
Folder 331: Sabath to Saltz
Sabath, Adolph J.; Sabbath, M.J.; Sadow-Platt, Chana; Salamon, Fanny; Salmon, Sam; Salomon, Bernard S.; Salter, Arthur; Saltz, Charles
Folder 332: Saltzman, Paula (Pesya)
Folder 333: Sankey to Savinkov
1932, 1944-1945
Sankey, Stuart; Sansom, George; Sansom, Katharine; Sarnoff, David; Savinkov, E.
Folder 334: Schaechter, Mordkhe
Folder 335: Schechter to Schonfeld
Schechter, Israel; Scheindel, R.; Schiff, Otto M.; Schifter, Richard; Schindler, Alexander M.; Schindler, L.; Schlittner, M.; Schlossberg, Joseph; Schmerling, Eugene; Schmulevitz, Miriam; Schneerson, Menachem M.; Schonfeld, Moses
Folder 336: Schwartz to Siegal
Schwartz, E.; Schriftn; Schweid, Abraham; Seelig, M.G.; Sefton, W.H.; Segal, J.I.; Segal, Philip; Seltzer, S.; Senior, Clarence; Shaban, Abel; Shafer, E.M.; Shaw, Maude Royden; Sheftel, A.; Sher, Israel; Sher, Z.; Sherman, E.L.; Shinn, Roger L.; Shore, Samuel; Shtern, Sholem; Shubinsky, Malka; Shur, M.; Siegal, Lillian
Folder 337: Siegel, Ada (Steinberg)
1918, 1940-1956
Folder 338: Siegel to Silberstein
Siegel, David; Siegel, Ida L.; Siegel, S.; Siegler, P.; Siemsen, Anna; Silber, M.; Silberberg, M.B.; Silberstein, H.
Folder 339: Simaite, Anna (Ona)
Folder 340: Simon to Smith
de Simon, Juan Salomon; Singer, Lawrence H.; Slote, Herbert Leo; Slotin, George; Smith, Harold
Folder 340A: Sowden, Lewis
Folder 341: Solnik to Stein
Solnik, Ch.; Sonnabend, H.; Soris, E.; Soris, M.S.; Spencer, Sidney; Spiegel, Alexander; Spritzer, Samuel; Staff, Aaron S.; Starch, Hillel; Stein, Emanuel
Folder 342: Stein, L.M.
Folder 343: Steinberg, Aaron
1930, 1945-1956
Folder 344: Steinberg, Anna
Folder 345: Steinberg, Leo
Folder 346: Steinberg, Shulamit
Folder 347: Sternberger to Suckewer
Sternberger, Estelle M.; Sterne, M.H.; Straight, Michael; Strauss, Lewis L.; Strauss, Roger W.; Strauss, S.; Stutchkoff, Nahum; Suckewer (Sutzkever), Avrom
Folder 348: Sudarski, Mendel; Sudarsky Alex
Folder 349: Sulzberger, Arthur Hays
Folder 350: Sulzberger, Iphigenie Ochs (Mrs. Arthur Hays)
Folder 351: Sunshine to Szpetman
1928, 1943-1955
Sunshine, K.; Swope, Herbert Bayard; Symonds, John; Szechatow, S.; Szpetman, Sz.; unknown
Folder 352: Tabory to Teglowitz
Tabory, Isaac; Taft, Charles; Talush, I.; Taub, Baruch; Taubes, J.S.; Taussig, Charles W.; Taylor, Myron C.; Teglowitz, H.
Folder 353: Teichman, Ida
Folder 354: Templeman to Tucholsky
1927, 1944-1956
Templeman, A.; Tenenbaum, Shea; Theilhaber, F.A.; Thomas, Ivor; Thomas, Norman; Thompson, Dorothy; Trunk, J.J.; Tucholsky, Mr.
Folder 355: Turak, Nathan
Folder 356: Untermyer to Usiskin
Untermyer, Irwin; Usiskin, M.
Folder 357: Urkevich, P.
references Sergej Gan
Folder 358: Van Leeuwen, Henri
Folder 359: Villa, Eugenio
Folder 360: Vladeck to Vlavianos
1929-1937, 1949
Vladeck, B. Charney; Vlavianos, Basil J.
Folder 361: Wachtel to Warburg
Wachtel, Henry I.; Wajnryb, Nelli; Walinsky, Rose N.; Wallace, Henry A.; Wallach, Sidney; Warburg, Gerald F.
Folder 362: Warburg, Max and Edward
Folder 363: Warman to Warzel
Warman, D.; Warrin, Frank L.; Warzel, Eliezer
Folder 364: Wedgwood, Josiah
Folder 365: Weil to Weinreich
Weil, Frank L.; Weinreich, Max
Folder 366: Weintraub, Moshe
1937, 1952-1957
Folder 367: Weislitz, Jacob
Folder 368: Weiss to Weissblatt
Weiss, Francis Joseph; Weissblatt, J.
Folder 369: Welles, Sumner
Folder 370: Wells to Weltch
Wells, Abraham; Wells, David; Weltch, Dr.
Folder 371: Wershaw, S.
Folder 372: West, Rebecca
Folder 373: Wexler, A.
Folder 374: Wiegmann, Elsa
1933, 1955-1956
Folder 375: Wiesenthal to Wright
Wiesenthal, U.; Willen, Joseph; Willkie, Wendell L.; Winkler, Josef; Wise, Stephen S.; Wolf, J.; Wolfe, Bertram D.; Wolfberg, J.; Woll, Matthew; Worlin, Mr.; Wood, Walter A.; Wright, Quincy
Folder 376: Wurzel to Wyzanski
Wurzel, Eliezer; Wyzanski, Charles E.
Folder 377: Yaffe to Yurkutajtis
1935, 1952-1955
Yaffe, H.; Yood, Nahum; Yoveli, S.Z.; Yurkutajtis, Marciu
Folder 378: Zabludovitch to Zacharovitch
Zabludovitch, D.; Zachariasz, Moshe; Zacharin, David; Zacharovitch, I.
Folder 379: Zahler, Shalom
Folder 380: Zajantz, M.Fiszel
Folder 381: Zamir to Zelitch
Zamir, Shalom; Zangwill, Israel; Zelitch, G.
Folder 382: Zelitch, Judah
Folder 383: Zhitlowski, Shmuel
references Ecuador
Folder 384: Zimmerman to Zoblins
Zimmerman, Charles S.; Zinzel, P.; Zipper, Jacob; Zirlin, Mr.; Zoblins, Dr.
Folder 385: Zukerman, William
Folder 386: Zweig, Stefan; Zweig, Ch.
1927-1927, 1950

Browse by Series:

Series 1: Series I: Correspondence with Organizations, 1923-1966,
Series 2: Series II: Freeland League, New York Office, 1941-1952,
Series 3: Series III: Correspondence with Individuals, 1918-1965,
Series 4: Series IV: Freeland League, London Office, 1937-1943,
Series 5: Series V: Freeland League, Miscellaneous Materials, 1938-1968,
Series 6: Series VI: Refugee Freeland League in Austria, 1945-1951,
Series 7: Series VII: Steinberg’s Visit to London, 1946,
Series 8: Series VIII: Geographical Files, 1930-1964,
Series 9: Series IX: Freeland League, Australia Plans, 1901-1906, 1919-1956,
Series 10: Series X: Steinberg’s Visit to South Africa, 1935-1937,
Series 11: Series XI: Newspaper Clippings, 1924-1957,
Series 12: Series XII: Steinberg’s Personal Papers, 1920-1965,
Series 13: Series XIII: Family Correspondence, 1908-1956,
Series 14: Series XIV: Writings by Others, 1914, 1930-1964, undated,
Series 15: Series XV: Writings by Steinberg, 1924-1959, undated,
Series 16: Series XVI: Russia and the Russian Revolution, 1906-1955,
Series 17: Series XVII: Miscellaneous Materials, 1893-1956,
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