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Jewish Community of Salonika

Title: Jewish Community of Salonika
Inclusive Dates: ca. 1910-1939
ID: RG 207 
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5'1"; 8 5"lgl; 2 3"ovr; 1 1'crt
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This ancient Jewish community in Northeast Greece flourished under the Ottoman Empire from 1430 until 1912 when it was claimed by Greece. During the Greek period the community experienced a decline. In 1917 a fire destroyed most of Salonika and the 50,000 Jews left homeless were not permitted to return to their homes. Large numbers of Jews emigrated in the 1920s and 1930s because of the fire, unfavorable laws and antisemitism. In 1935, there were nearly 60,000 Jews in Salonika. Between 1941 and 1944, Salonika was occupied by the Nazis. About 95 % of the Jewish population was deported and exterminated, most of them in Auschwitz.
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